Intellectual Property Law

“One should be the master of its creation”

In today’s world, ownership is not just limited to tangible possessions such as land and goods but extends to intangible creations of the human intellect. This includes ideas, designs, symbols, writings, images, music, and other creations of the human mind, collectively referred to as Intellectual Property (IP).

Intellectual Property Rights (IPR) provide legal protection to the creators of these intangible assets, granting them a monopoly over their use. This protection comes in the form of patents, trademarks, copyrights, trade secrets, and industrial design rights.

Intellectual property includes words, phrases, symbols, ideas, designs, inventions, discoveries, music, literature, and brands. Intellectual property rights can be claimed over all these creations.

If creators and innovators cannot claim their creations, the motivation to create diminishes. Ownership of IP is crucial as it allows creators to reap financial benefits and control how their creations are used. This security fosters innovation and encourages research and development.

Infringement of intellectual property rights poses a significant threat. Without proper compensation and control over their work, creators lose motivation, impacting businesses and cultures. Infringement, piracy, counterfeiting, and cyber theft are rampant issues that threaten IP rights.

In Pakistan, several criminal and civil remedies are available for IP infringement. The laws governing IPR include the Patents Ordinance 2000, Copyright Ordinance 1962, Trademark Ordinance 2001, and the Intellectual Property Organization of Pakistan Act 2012. Our esteemed and experienced lawyers have secured numerous reliefs, including injunctions, damages, and revocations from intellectual property tribunals and the High Court.

Intellectual property laws in Pakistan aim to encourage diverse and innovative creation by granting limited-time ownership rights to creators. This incentivizes innovation and economic growth, allowing creators to profit from their work. Unlike tangible properties, intellectual property is indivisible and can be consumed by many without depletion, posing unique challenges.

Our law firm, with its team of specialized professionals, offers comprehensive services to protect your creations, including:

  • Patent litigation
  • Brand protection
  • Trademark registration and protection
  • Copyright dispute resolution
  • Trademark dispute resolution
  • Customs enforcement
  • Intellectual property auditing
  • IP counseling and advice
  • Licensing trademark and copyright agreements


“Demystifying tax laws, your trusted guide through this fiscal maze”

Taxation is the means by which the government raises income to cover necessary expenses. A tax is a compulsory financial charge imposed on individuals or entities by the government. In Pakistan, federal taxes are classified into two broad categories: Direct taxes and Indirect taxes.

Direct taxes are paid directly to the government by individuals or organizations and primarily include:

  • Income tax (from salaries, businesses, professions, capital gains, and interests on securities)
  • Wealth tax
  • Corporate tax
  • Estate tax

Indirect taxes are levied on goods and services, including:

  • General Sales Tax (GST)
  • Stamp duty
  • Customs duty
  • Excise duty

The government uses tax revenues to facilitate public works and services and to build and maintain infrastructure. Taxes support economic advancement and societal well-being. While payment of taxes at government-imposed rates is mandatory, tax evasion (deliberate failure to pay full tax liabilities) is punishable by law. Conversely, tax avoidance (legal actions to minimize tax liability) is permissible.

Tax evasion and fraud are significant issues in Pakistan. The Federal Board of Revenue (FBR) is the authority responsible for tax collection and enforcement. The laws governing this system include the Income Tax Ordinance 2001, Income Tax Rules 2002, Sales Tax Act 1990, Sales Tax Rules 2006, and Federal Excise Act 2002.

Taxes are a universal reality and a duty of every individual and business. Despite their complexity, specialized tax lawyers are essential due to the intricate nature of tax law.

Virtually every business decision today has tax consequences. You deserve practical, well-crafted tax solutions. Our law firm offers a comprehensive range of services, from completing tax returns under corporation tax and self-assessment to complex consultancy assignments and strategic tax planning.

offer consultancy, auditing, and protection against tax liability, including:

  • Corporate and individual tax planning, including trusts, cooperative societies, and NGOs
  • Compliance services, including preparation of income tax returns and clearance
  • Representation before income tax authorities
  • Registration and assessment of income tax matters
  • Expert advice and counseling for routine tax, customs matters, and corporate taxation
  • Providing general tax advice based on current and evolving laws and rulings
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